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:: Volume 5, Issue 3 (19 2011) ::
mrj 2011, 5(3): 1-12 Back to browse issues page
Review of Finite Element Model Studies in Knee Joint Biomechanics
Hadi Rahemi1, S.Kamal Mostafavi 2, Fateme Esfandiarpour3, Mohammad Parnianpour4, Abolfazl Shirazi-Adl5
1- دانشگاه سیمون فریز ر دپارتمان کیزیولوژی و بیومدیکال بورنابی کانادا
2- دانشگاه وسترن اونتاریو دپارتمان مهندسی مواد و مکانیک لندن اونتاریو , parnianpour@yahoo.com
3- دانشگاه علوم پزشکی جندی‌شاپور اهواز دانشکده توانبخشی
4- دانشگاه صنعتی‌شریف دانشکده مهندسی مکانیک
5- دانشگاه مونترال کبک مهندسی مکانیک مونترال کبک
Abstract:   (8606 Views)

Background and aim: Human knee joints experience very large loads and motions during regular daily, occupational and sport activities. Consequently, they are at high risk of being exposed to injuries and degeneration. Osteoarthritis and ligament injuries often inflict knee joints causing considerable pain and loss of productivity involving thus significant human and economic costs. Hence, biomechanics of human knee joints has been the focus of many investigations with the primary aim to improve understanding of joint function in normal and perturbed conditions. The existing prevention and treatment programs have been based on such studies.
Material and Methods: Due to inherent costs, limitations, difficulties and ethical concerns associated with in vivo and in vitro cadaveric studies, finite element model studies have been developed as effective, powerful and complementary tools to investigate knee joint biomechanics subject to internal and external mechanical conditions affecting its normal function.
Results: The advantage of finite element method in study of joint biomechanics lies in its robustness to incorporate complex 3D joint geometry, intricate boundary and loading conditions and materials with nonhomogeneous and nonlinear properties.
Conclusion:This article reviews important model studies, presents their relevant results and discusses some of the promising future directions.

Keywords: Knee joints, Modeling, Finite element method, Ligament, Injury, Degeneration, Rehabilitation, Treatment
Full-Text [PDF 580 kb]   (3426 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2011/04/27 | Accepted: 2011/09/29 | Published: 2013/07/13
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Rahemi H, Mostafavi S, Esfandiarpour F, Parnianpour M, Shirazi-Adl A. Review of Finite Element Model Studies in Knee Joint Biomechanics. mrj. 2011; 5 (3) :1-12
URL: http://mrj.tums.ac.ir/article-1-60-en.html


Volume 5, Issue 3 (19 2011) Back to browse issues page
فصلنامه توانبخشی نوین Journal of Modern Rehabilitation
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