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:: Volume 6, Issue 3 (19 2012) ::
mrj 2012, 6(3): 50-56 Back to browse issues page
Effect of early perceptual-motor enrichment on later fine motor development process of infants
Ali Reza Farsi1, Behroz Abdoli1, Maryam Kavyani 2, Akram Kavyani1
1- دانشکده تربیت‌بدنی دانشگاه شهید بهشتی
2- دانشکده تربیت‌بدنی دانشگاه شهید بهشتی , maryam.kavyan@gmail.com
Abstract:   (6842 Views)
 Background and Aim: There is an agreement on impression of environment on the development in different ways. The environment effect could be passive or active. The environment enrichment is a  passive method which is used to show the effect of  environment on the development during infancy.

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of early perceptual-motor enrichment on later fine motor development process of infants.

Materials and Methods: Fifteen 5 to 8-months-old healthy infants participated randomly in this study. According to their age, participants were divided homogenously in two groups: training (n=8, ages=6.5±2) and non-training (n=8, ages=6.5±2). Training group had 36 training sessions(3 times in a week) for an hour at a perceptual-motor enrichment environment (involve vary manipulation and locomotion tools). After 36 training sessions, at the first assessment stage, infant fine motor skills were evaluated by Peabody motor development scale. Three months later, all infants were kept in similar and normal condition. At the later assessment stage, after this three months, infant fine motor skills were evaluated by same scale. Data were analyzed by mixed ANOVA2 (group) × (stage). 

Results: Results indicated that in fine motor age equivalent, main effect of group(F(1,10)=10.53 , P=.009 ) and main effect of assessment stages(F(1,10)=96.33 , P=.001) was significant. Interaction between groups and assessment stages (F(1,10)=2.58 , P=.13)was  not significant. Also,  in fine motor scaled score, main effect of group(F(1,10)=6.65, P=.02) and main effect of assessment stages (F(1,10)=32.93 , P=.001) was significant. Interaction between groups and assessment stages (F(1,10)=.24, P=.63)was  not significant.

Conclusion: Generally, results show that training and experience have positive effect on later   fine motor skills development of infant.   

Keywords: perceptual-motor enrichment, Peabody motor development scale, age equivalent, fine motor skills
Full-Text [PDF 348 kb]   (4565 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2011/05/28 | Accepted: 2012/10/28 | Published: 2013/07/13
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Farsi A R, Abdoli B, Kavyani M, Kavyani A. Effect of early perceptual-motor enrichment on later fine motor development process of infants. mrj. 2012; 6 (3) :50-56
URL: http://mrj.tums.ac.ir/article-1-28-en.html


Volume 6, Issue 3 (19 2012) Back to browse issues page
فصلنامه توانبخشی نوین Journal of Modern Rehabilitation
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