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:: Volume 6, Issue 3 (19 2012) ::
mrj 2012, 6(3): 30-36 Back to browse issues page
The effects of cardiac rehabilitation on changes in anthropometric measurements of obesity among diabetic and non diabetic men with coronary artery disease referred to cardiac rehabilitation
Boshra Jamshidpour1, Behroz Attarbashi Moghaddam1, Behnosh Vassaghi 2, Eraje Mirzaii3, Mostafa Nejatian4
1- دانشکده توانبخشی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی تهران
2- مرکز تحقیقات توان بخشی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی تهران , vasaghib@tums.ac.ir
3- دانشکده پزشکی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی ارتش
4- بخش بازتوانی قلبی مرکز قلب تهران
Abstract:   (6860 Views)
Background and Aim: One of the consequences of obesity is coronary artery disease (CAD) and diabetes. Effective exercise programs for patients with the coronary artery disease is a strategy for decreasing obesity and is expected to help in eventually limiting obesity-associated long-term health. The purpose of this study was to compare the effectiveness of a physiotherapy and exercise based cardiac rehabilitation  on the anthropometric measurements of obesity in the diabetic and non diabetic men. 

Materials and Methods: Seventy one 45- to 75-years-old male volunteers with coronary artery disease (32 diabetic & 39 non diabetic patients) participated in 6-8 weeks of moderate intensity aerobic exercise training consisting of 45 min sessions of  treadmill, stationary bicycle and arm bicycle. Anthropometric measurements of obesity (body mass index (BMI), waist circumference, hip circumference, waist to hip ratio and waist to height ratio) were measured at the beginning, in the middle and at the end of exercise sessions in both groups.

Results: Following the cardiac rehabilitation program, all of the anthropometric measurements except hip circumference in diabetic patients decreased significantly (P<0.05). BMI, waist circumference and waist to height ratio  increased in non diabetic patients (P<0.05).

 Conclusion: Exercise training alone in cardiac rehabilitation program is not sufficient to reduce the anthropometric measurements of obesity in non-diabetic patients. 

Keywords: Physiotherapy, Cardiac rehabilitation, Anthropometric measurements, Cardiovascular disease, Exercise training, Diabetes
Full-Text [PDF 302 kb]   (2074 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2012/05/29 | Accepted: 2012/09/23 | Published: 2013/08/6
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Jamshidpour B, Attarbashi Moghaddam B, Vassaghi B, Mirzaii E, Nejatian M. The effects of cardiac rehabilitation on changes in anthropometric measurements of obesity among diabetic and non diabetic men with coronary artery disease referred to cardiac rehabilitation. mrj. 2012; 6 (3) :30-36
URL: http://mrj.tums.ac.ir/article-1-25-en.html


Volume 6, Issue 3 (19 2012) Back to browse issues page
فصلنامه توانبخشی نوین Journal of Modern Rehabilitation
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