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:: Volume 9, Number 4 (11-2015) ::
mrj 2015, 9(4): 1-7 Back to browse issues page
The study of oral feeding disorders incidence in infants in NICU of Tehran University of medical sciences hospitals
Seyede Zohreh Mousavi1, Mohammad Rahim Shahbodaghi 2, Malihe Kadivar3, Nasrin Khosravi1, Madiehe Mirzazade1
1- Department of Speech Therapy, School of Rehabilitation, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Iran
2- Department of Speech Therapy, School of Rehabilitation, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Iran , shahbodaghi@sina.tums.ac.ir
3- Department of Neonatology, Faculty of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Iran
Abstract:   (2078 Views)

Back ground and Aim: Feeding is the most essential behavior in infants for vitality, learning and interaction. Because of feeding importance in developmental process and its primary role in infant’s vitality, the study of dysphagia has an important role. Diagnosis, assessment and treatment of this disorder are primary professional action for speech therapists. Therefore, basic information about prevalence of such disorders can be effective in treatment planning. In this study, the number of infants with oral feeding disorders is determined in NICU .

Materials and Methods: In this descriptive-sectional study, all infants that were in NICU at Tehran University of medical sciences hospitals were evaluated in three first months of 1390 year through information from medical history, interview and observation. The data were analyzed with SPSS 16.

Results: Data analyzing of this study showed that 45 infants (27.10%) from 166 cases in NICU had oral feeding disorders. The incidence in male is more than female (91.11% versus 8.88%). Twenty two of cases feed normally, 18 cases feeding with NGT and 5 cases with OGT. The rate of difficulty in oral phase and esophageal phase were 88.88% and 2.22% respectively. No infants have difficulty in Pharyngeal phase.

Conclusion: Feeding disorder assessment by speech therapist provides essential information about feeding intervention and so early diagnosis can prevent later speech problems. Therefore, the role of a speech therapist in NICU is important.

Keywords: Incidence, Oral feeding disorders, Infants, NICU

Keywords: Incidence, Oral feeding disorders, Infants, NICU
Full-Text [PDF 213 kb]   (873 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2015/10/31 | Accepted: 2015/10/31 | Published: 2015/10/31
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Mousavi S Z, Shahbodaghi M R, Kadivar M, Khosravi N, Mirzazade M. The study of oral feeding disorders incidence in infants in NICU of Tehran University of medical sciences hospitals . mrj. 2015; 9 (4) :1-7
URL: http://mrj.tums.ac.ir/article-1-5345-en.html
Volume 9, Number 4 (11-2015) Back to browse issues page
فصلنامه توانبخشی نوین Journal of Modern Rehabilitation
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