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:: Volume 8, Number 4 (10-2014) ::
mrj 2014, 8(4): 63-69 Back to browse issues page
The investigation of spinal abnormalities & balance and relation between them in patients with Down syndrome
Pegah Rahmani 1, Hossein Shahrokhi2, Hasan Daneshmandi3
1- PhD Student of Corrective Exercise and Sport Injuries Esfahan University , Pegah.Rahmani87@gmail.com
2- PhD Student of Corrective Exercise and Sport Injuries Kharazmi University
3- Associated Professor of University of Guilan
Abstract:   (3141 Views)

Background and Aim: The aim of this research was to study spinal abnormalities ( kyphosis, lordosis and scoliosis ) and dynamic and static balance in mentally retardation with and without Down syndrome (DS) and relation between them in DS.

  

Materials and Methods: Thirty mentally retardation with DS (age 13.96 ± 1.77 yr) and 30 mentally retardation without DS (age 14.30±1.96 yr) that selected randomly participated in this study. Modified single balance test for the evaluation static balance and heel-to-toe test for evaluation dynamic balance were used. Continued spinal abnormalities included kyphosis, lordosis and thoracic & lumbar scoliosis were measured by spinal mouse.

  

Result: The results showed a significant difference between static and dynamic balance, kyphosis and thoracic & lumbar scoliosis in mentally retarded with and without DS . There was a significant relationship between static balance and kyphosis and thoracic and lumbar scoliosis and dynamic balance with kyphosis and thoracic and lumbar scoliosis in DS . There was not a significant relationship between balance and lordosis.

  

Conclusion: Due to relationship between postural and balance and special needs in mentally retardation particularly Down syndrome, for optimal performance of their daily activities, it should emphasis to recognize the structural profile and prescribe postural corrective programs and improving balance.

  

Key words : Down syndrome, Spinal deformities, Static balance, Dynamic balance  

Keywords: Down syndrome, Spinal deformities, Static balance, Dynamic balance
Full-Text [PDF 146 kb]   (1380 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2014/09/24 | Accepted: 2014/09/24 | Published: 2014/09/24
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Rahmani P, Shahrokhi H, Daneshmandi H. The investigation of spinal abnormalities & balance and relation between them in patients with Down syndrome. mrj. 2014; 8 (4) :63-69
URL: http://mrj.tums.ac.ir/article-1-5175-en.html
Volume 8, Number 4 (10-2014) Back to browse issues page
فصلنامه توانبخشی نوین Journal of Modern Rehabilitation
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