Background and Aim: Family is the center and core of the care. Researchers who work with children with disabilities have shown that effective services are those that are focused on the role of families in treatment. The main aim of this study was an overview of family-centered approach (FCA).
Material and Method: This study is a review of the national and international databases between 1985 and 201 2 .
Result: Based on the exploration articles and documents, family-centered approach (FCA)
has been advocated across a wide range of professions from health care (physician, nursing and midwifery), therapy services, early intervention, early childhood education, special and general education. The main essence of FCA includes parental involvement in decision making, collaboration and partnership, mutual respect (family and therapist), acceptance of the family’s choices, support, a focus on strengths, individualized and flexible service delivery, information sharing, and empowerment.
Conclusion: family-centered approach (FCA) is effective, for children, parents, families, and the service provider. It enhances health care and increases family satisfaction of service delivery system. Perhaps because of the lack of sufficient knowledge and education about FCA, lack of educational materials and training in the medical model, there is limitation in implementation of FCA in Iran
Keywords: Family centered approach, Rehabilitation, Occupational Therapy